Finasteride in a liposomal or niosomal solution delivers up to 3 times more finasteride than when applied in an alcohol-based delivery vehicle. Finasteride is indicated orally in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia and some other pilosebaceous unit (PSU) disorders. We wished to investigate whether topical application of finasteride-containing vesicles (liposomes and niosomes) could enhance drug concentration at the PSU, as compared to finasteride hydroalcoholic solution (HA). Liposomes consisted of phospholipid (dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) or egg lecithin):cholesterol:dicetylphosphate (8:2:1, mole ratio). Niosomes were comprising non-ionic surfactant (polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers (Brij series) or sorbitan monopalmitate):cholesterol:dicetylphosphate (7:3:1, mole ratio). Vesicles were prepared by the film hydration technique and characterized with regard to the size, drug entrapment efficiency and gel-liquid transition temperature (T(c)). In vitro permeation of (3)H-finasteride through hamster flank skin was faster from hydroalcoholic solution (0.13 microg/cm(2)h) compared to vesicles (0.025-0.058 microg/cm(2)h). In vivo deposition of (3)H-finasteride vesicles in hamster ear showed that liquid-state vesicle, i.e. those made of DMPC or Brij97:Brij76 (1:1), were able to deposit 2.1 or 2.3% of the applied dose to the PSU, respectively. This was significantly higher than drug deposition by gel-state vesicles (0.35-0.51%) or HA (0.76%). Both in vitro permeation and in vivo deposition studies, demonstrated the potentials of liquid-state liposomes and niosomes for successful delivery of finasteride to the PSU.
Tabbakhian M, Tavakoli N, Jaafari MR, Daneshamouz S.
Int J Pharm. 2006 Oct 12;323(1-2):1-10.
Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy and Isfahan Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.