Turosteride was tested in a series of studies for its effect on 5 alpha-reductase and for its possible influence on other steroidogenic enzymes and on steroid receptors. The compound was found to inhibit human and rat prostatic 5 alpha-reductases with IC50 values of 55 and 53 nM, respectively, whereas it caused a less marked inhibition of the dog enzyme (IC50 2.2 microM). Turosteride showed no relevant effect on rat adrenal C20,22-desmolase (IC50 254 microM) and human placental aromatase (IC50 > 100 microM), and only at relatively high concentrations it caused inhibition of human placental 5-ene-3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-isomerase (3 beta-HSD-I) (IC50 2.5 microM). Turosteride was found to be a selective 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor showing no noteworthy binding to receptors for androgens (relative binding affinity, RBA, 0.004%), estrogens (005%), progesterone (005%), glucocorticoids (5 alpha-androstan-3-one) was confirmed to be a non-selective 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor, showing a degree of binding affinity to the androgen receptor (RBA 0.1%) and a marked inhibition of 3 beta-HSD-I (IC50 32 nM). When given orally in immature castrated rats together with subcutaneous testosterone propionate (TP) for 7 consecutive days, turosteride reduced the ventral prostate and seminal vesicle growth promoting effect of TP, with IC50 values of approximately 5 and 6.7 mg/kg/day, whereas levator ani weight was unchanged. In comparison, 4-MA was approx. 3-fold less potent than turosteride in reducing the prostate and seminal vesicle weights and caused a marked reduction of levator ani weight, thus showing its unselectivity.
Di Salle E; Giudici D; Briatico G; Ornati G; Panzeri A
Laboratory of Endocrinology, R&D, Nerviano (MI), Italy.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol, 1994 Feb, 48:2-3, 241-8