The non-steroidal antiandrogens, RU 58841 and RU 56187 are amongst the most active of a new series of N-substituted aryl hydantoins or thiohydantoins. Their pharmacokinetics and principal metabolic profiles have been evaluated in rat plasma after intravenous administration of a 10 mg/kg dose. Both compounds disappear relatively rapidly from the plasma (elimination half-life of the order of 1 h), but they form a common metabolite, the N-desalkyl derivative, RU 56279, which is eliminated much more slowly. The percentage transformations of each into RU 56279, estimated from the AUCs of the metabolite compared with the AUC obtained after administration of RU 56279 itself, were respectively 1% and 77%. In parallel, they’re in vivo activity, as well as that of their metabolites, was determined with respect to parameters related to systemic antiandrogenic effects (prostate and seminal vesicle weights). The results showed that: (1) the common metabolite, RU 56279, is clearly antiandrogenic; (2) there appears to be a relationship between the percentage formation of this metabolite and the systemic antiandrogenic activity of the compounds. Thus, the pharmacological profile of RU 58841 which displays a potent local antiandrogenic activity without systemic effects can be related to its very low propensity to form the N-desalkyl metabolite.
Cousty-Berlin D, Bergaud B, Bruyant MC, Battmann T, Branche C, Philibert D
Centre de Recherches Roussel Uclaf, Romainville, France.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol, 51: 1-2, 1994 Oct, 47-55